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Sep. 2014 issue No.129




Sockeye salmon steak


May not be quoted of salmon in general, which has been persistently high over more than one year for a while here, we remained at a high price in the same way as it is in the future.

It, for example, natural sockeye salmon is also 2.66 million fish with a big catch in the 1st in the Bristol Bay of Alaska to (USA time) June 27th of this year, this is the second-ever 3.44 million fish since July 2, 1999 it is has become a catch record.

It is said that small 2/4 size seems to be many the size of the fish, but it became a catch of 30 million fish before and after the 2010 since the total ultimately favorable catch is followed thereafter.

In addition, the predicted steady catches have been going on for the native sockeye salmon in the Fraser River in Canada, more than a total of 6 million fish that hard is.

Thus, while natural sockeye salmon has become a good catch in the United States and Canada, as a retaliation to the Russian sanctions Ukraine problem, Russia's ban on salmon imports from Norway also farmed salmon. For this reason, Norway Salmon of about 120,000 tons per year, which has been exported towards Russia lost nowhere to go, and he is no longer forced channeled as an alternative export to other countries that amount, including Japan.

Russia is a seafood export partners biggest Norway, 81% of the Russian market fresh exports were trout and salmon in 2013. Of that 120,000 tons will be calculated when converted to per week, 106 cars had been exported to Russia a week trailer truck of 20 feet 21 tons cold storage container that had been exported to Russia a week.

Trout and salmon this much because I had nowhere to go, rate of aquaculture salmon should be that the price of the bull, such as in the past does not pass as long as Russia is to continue the ban on imports of salmon from Norway .


Trout and salmon is about 4.09 million tons produced worldwide in 2012, Norway had been producing trout and salmon around the farming Atlantic salmon of about 1.31 million tons of the world's one in it. So is that the export destination of the about close to 10% that was the Russian market.

By the way, Russia is a country of production of the world's third-largest producing trout and salmon of about 480,000 tons in 2012, second place was about 820,000 tons in Chile.

In the production of trout and salmon, Norway and one in the world, Chile is world's second largest, the production of farmed salmon that trout and salmon Atlantic salmon has become an overwhelming center products. On the contrary, the United States "about 330,000 tons production" of 4 in the world and Russia world's third largest, wild salmon is of a center of production most.

And in the natural production of salmon in 2012, sockeye salmon production is about 50,000 tons is Russia, the United States was about 95,000 tons. It is calculated sockeye salmon production in the world of this year because it was 149,000 tons, production of sockeye salmon are produced mostly in the two countries, Russia and the United States, only 4,000 tons about the rest that have been produced in Japan and Canada .

The salmon and trout production in Japan was 166,000 tons of 6 in the world in the same year, but wild salmon with a focus on chum salmon had been accounted for 148,000 tons of them.

Natural salmon of Japan is the center of the white salmon fishing by stocking business, but there is also some catch, such as sockeye salmon to catch in the Russian waters also other.

The salmon and trout fishing negotiations conclusion conditions in Russia 200 sea miles of waters in 2012, "catch quota of one per ship about 7,070 tons, fishing vessels 292 tons, 306.6 yen per fishing fee total frame of operation" met in stating were.

In addition, there is a catch of fish species per sockeye, chum, coho, and pink salmon, it will pay about 89 million yen per one ship if you catch the maximum amount. And when fishing, there is a need to pay about ¥ 40 million as an advance payment of half of them, but the way sockeye catch quota this year was 2,289.2 tons.

Depending on the fish species, but when landed and caught the 292 tons of full quota of one ships as one thousand yen per kg, landed high is expected to 200 million 92 million yen. In other words, he would be expected to landings of 200 million several tens of million yen over the money of 120 million yen.

It was customary until now is called "Honchanbeni" sockeye salmon is being subjected the cost of such, will be traded at a high price, such as gift. However, in the case of this year, 1,100 yen / kg to 900 yen / kg in the next 8-10 Tails size of 17.5s box is became a low about 10 percent more than last year, even new ones carrying the timing of June.


Sockeye salmon is a characteristic color of meat is the red one, but it is a major feature of the nuptial coloration of red beautiful fish surface and before the spawning and as shown in the figure below not only that.

Sockeye salmon seems to have been run-up to Hokkaido in the past, but it is not that fact now. Sockeye salmon to swim upstream into the river with a lake upstream of California north of the east coast of the United States in the Pacific Ocean and north Kuril Islands, in the Pacific Ocean west coast.

Among salmonids, sockeye very strong mother river regression in particular, a tributary of the river until the run-up exactly. Eggs that have been spawning in the river has grown to larval fish in about four weeks, to enter the lake waving river as it is, they're that go falling into the sea after having spent from one to three years in the lake from it.

Sockeye 's falling into the sea in this way, but without falling into the sea, fellow of sockeye that Kokanee Salmon of landlocked form to live in only freshwater rivers and lakes that life exists. This is thought to be a result of salmon rivers is interrupted by such crustal movement, no longer able to falling into the sea trapped in the river.

Sockeye salmon is a fish delicate environment in particular, can not be susceptible to pollution of the sea, grow only in the waters clean, food of animal plankton is particularly strong. And such feature causes the sockeye is not able to aquaculture yet.

Currently, farmed salmon Atlantic salmon is the mainstream of salmon, trout salmon, and coho salmon, using fish meal, fish oil, wheat flour, soybean, and additives for the red color of the meat further into the bait there.

The farmed salmon is very tasty to eat sashimi for grow up in a limited range of that cage, it is a lack of exercise, lipid is so rich there is also the effect of food nutritious. However, in order to reduce the malformed fish diseases and infections in aquaculture cage within, negative aspects that are used in farmed salmon and antibiotics, formalin, and the antimicrobial agent should be kept aware there.

On the other hand, sockeye can not be aquaculture, the 100% is a natural fish, but therefore, bait grew up to eat small fish and krill, and algae fellow shrimp containing a large amount of astaxanthin, wide sea clean cold north from the fact that you are migratory freely, there is a ride of fat adapted to the cold seawater, it is the healthy food and a safe and secure people to eat until the skin on a daily basis.


Not spared instability of the catch to be a natural, since the transaction price also not so cheap, such sockeye healthy healthy is a high comparatively selling price, for many years a long time, the momentum of farmed salmon at this it is pushed in, it was while disappeared from the fish department nationwide.

In fact, the person in charge of the fish department that it is not uncomfortable in any way that you do not assortment the sockeye salmon in the fish department also exist many. In the company with the idea of ??squeezing the assortment, he is in fact also a place that buyers are also denied from the beginning as a "do not need" an assortment of sockeye salmon.

Anti-aging effect is expected astaxanthin is in the crustacean salmon eat in the process of growth is a kind of carotenoids liposoluble the dye red of flesh, because the anti-oxidizing it. Even as there are customers who have wanted to buy in terms of health, nutrition, such as astaxanthin is abundant natural sockeye salmon, there is a fear that the unfortunate opportunity of the purchasing is deprived occurs in this.

I wonder should not be taken good opportunity to reconsider such a undesirable flow has been done along with the possibility of "a tailwind of price" this year.


For example, the sales method of sockeye salmon in the present condition, sales methods of defense, such as the image below has become mainstream.

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That is, in this way, they are trying to reduce the risk of waste and reduction, and increase the "Shelf Life", by placing a vacuum bag both.

Moreover, the selling price is expensive and 250 yen and 200 yen a piece fillets, it is not felt that the willing to sell too much from the beginning assortment even if you are.

If you are willing to sell if, instead of using this kind of vacuum bag, it will be sold in the following form the fillets immediately by cutting in-store cut.

In recent years, from the fact that shops selling it purchases slices that were cut in advance by the machine in the food factory somewhere has also become many slices of salmon, in spite of the fact that engaged in the fish department, the salmon even once still it is a surprise because of some people that you've never cut.

Let that for reference, we introduce the following is not only half-length slices orthodox, such as the above image assumes a fisheries department beginner, and the salt sockeye SKU other.

5 slices of ventral meat for lunch Three slices of loin fillets for lunch slices of remaining cut out
Halas of grilled for The remaining portion of the ventral bone and spine Salmon sickle

It is commercialized with the premise of "salt sockeye salmon" or more, but I want to focus this year by all means what timing images of the following is a "frozen sockeye salmon".

First, let the round slices about two thirds from the direction of the tail fin the dress of frozen sockeye.

And trying to commercialize two slices and 1 slice of round slices steak for this next.

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Then slices of half-length by dividing in half directed towards the head remaining sites.

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Commercialization of 3 slices and two slices were to slice this side of the body is not anything also be particularly unusual, but it slices were factory cut these days, as described above will stand out too much in the fish department often. And, that it is no longer seen much in the fish department is sockeye salmon slice products in-store cut was shining bright red color like this is that sad.


In addition, items like steak cut of sliced ??is, seems to have disappeared from the fish department as may be saying at all now.

For example, if you order a salmon steak in the restaurant nowadays, it is a time when A saute comes out rather than steak, such as the following.

Material of salmon dishes of this image is a farmed salmon definitely, it's not bad never soft and fat even though riding juicy, to be sure, but natural sockeye though it is hard to some extent meat quality again, chewed the meat deep umami taste coming out little by little at is of a different thing again.

It is because of this difference, natural sockeye wonder what should not continue to firmly appeal to customers the usefulness of nutritional and its taste. Now that you are likely to be slightly cheaper price this year, it will be considered that chance has come.

And I think I want to become that sockeye salmon steak respectable form, such as the beginning of a book image, the limelight as a "feast for dinner" while out also cost performance in terms of price.


By the way, will be unnecessary addition, but I went to purchase the sockeye salmon to Alaska in July 1982, which has been a buyer of the company that is 33 years ago. Then, the image of the beginning of this company that was a member at that time, in order to continue to promote the sockeye the author has been buying, sales promotion panel below image that was created around October of that year (1,200 mm × 450 mm) it is a copy of the photograph that has been used.

At the time, flew to Anchorage, Alaska, together with the general trading company Marubeni, Transfer to Cessna from there, and around Kenai, and Kodiak, and visited and how the refrigeration processing plant and landed status of sockeye salmon, author of the time in all stores it was purchased in the container sockeye salmon, which marks also the half year scheduled to to sell.

Cooking image of this panel, is there was a thought that deeply moved by the taste of the salmon steak that was sliced ??thick that I ate at a restaurant in Alaska at that time, wanting spread in all means Japan this dish.

But the author, 33 years ago, was to appeal to customers and wrote to the panel "steak is also the era of seafood" and although, looking back up here, contrary to its enthusiastic, '33 also passed already from it what , even though it is not necessarily so that the food is Establish at home. Also It will be, nfortunately but that can not be the defense and also is said "anachronism of you also something extreme," said it because I like not even popular menu at the restaurant.

I do not think that to realize the prophecy 33 years ago has now become but ...


Date of updating

Sep.1, 2014



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Food commerce Sep, 2012 issue


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